Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning: Ethics, Governance and Compliance Resources

 

Existing Company and Government Models or Recommended Best Practices

 

Intel
Artificial Intelligence: The Public Policy Opportunity
https://blogs.intel.com/policy/files/2017/10/Intel-Artificial-Intelligence-Public-Policy-White-Paper-2017.pdf

Google
AI at Google: Our Principles
https://www.blog.google/technology/ai/ai-principles/

Microsoft
Microsoft AI Principles
https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/ai/our-approach-to-ai

DeepMind
Ethics and Society Principles
https://deepmind.com/applied/deepmind-ethics-society/principles/

SIIA
Ethical Principles for Artificial Intelligence and Data Analytics
http://www.siia.net/Portals/0/pdf/Policy/Ethical%20Principles%20for%20Artificial%20Intelligence%20and%20Data%20Analytics%20SIIA%20Issue%20Brief.pdf?ver=2017-11-06-160346-990

The AI Policy Landscape
A general compendium of multiple AI commentary and resources. Original Medium post and discussion here: https://medium.com/artificial-intelligence-policy-laws-and-ethics/the-ai-landscape-ea8a8b3c3d5d

and continuously updated Google doc version with table of contents here: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1DtzQsNBhkbo4TIYceMuKU2_55v2yfdLq0bC_xAW0HC4/pub

 

Academic Papers

 
UC Davis Law Review
Playing with the Data: What Legal Scholars Should Learn About Machine Learning
https://lawreview.law.ucdavis.edu/issues/51/2/Symposium/51-2_Lehr_Ohm.pdf

New Media & Society
Seeing Without Knowing: Limitations Of The Transparency Ideal And Its Application To Algorithmic Accountability
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1461444816676645 (paywall)

University of Pennsylvania Law Review
Accountable Algorithms
https://scholarship.law.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=9570&context=penn_law_review

Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency in Machine Learning
Conference Paper Submissions
https://www.fatml.org/resources/relevant-scholarship

Fordham Law Review
The Intuitive Appeal of Explainable Machines
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/Papers.cfm?abstract_id=3126971

Philosophical Transactions A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Algorithms that Remember: Model Inversion Attacks and Data Protection Law
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3212755

 

News Articles

 

Towards Data Science
A Gentle Introduction to the Discussion on Algorithmic Fairness
https://towardsdatascience.com/a-gentle-introduction-to-the-discussion-on-algorithmic-fairness-740bbb469b6

Nasdaq, How Artificial Intelligence Can Influence Governance, Risk, and Compliance

http://business.nasdaq.com/marketinsite/2017/How-Artificial-Intelligence-Can-Influence-Governance-Risk-and-Compliance.html

Medium, AI and the Future of Ethics
A basic overview of AI and discussion about the ethics related to it.
https://medium.com/@matthewbiggins/ai-and-the-future-of-ethics-e4286567e742

 

International Resources (Including Those Targeted Toward EU/GDPR)

 

Norwegian Data Protection Authority
Data Protection by Design and by Default
https://www.datatilsynet.no/en/regulations-and-tools/guidelines/data-protection-by-design-and-by-default/

Berkeley Technology Law Journal
Rethinking Explainable Machines: The GDPR’s ‘Right to Explanation’ Debate and the Rise of Algorithmic Audits in Enterprise
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3143325

World Economic Forum
Top 9 Ethical Issues In Artificial Intelligence
https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/10/top-10-ethical-issues-in-artificial-intelligence/

Office of the Victorian Information Commissioner
Artificial Intelligence and Privacy
https://www.cpdp.vic.gov.au/images/content/pdf/privacy_papers/20180530%20AI%20Issues%20Paper%20V1.0.pdf

European Agency for Fundamental Rights
#Big Data: Discrimination in Data-Supported Decision Making
http://fra.europa.eu/en/publication/2018/big-data-discrimination

United Nations University,  Centre for Policy Research
The Ethical Anatomy of AI
https://cpr.unu.edu/cpr-voices-the-ethical-anatomy-of-artificial-intelligence.html

Australian Institute of Company Directors
Preparing Directors For Artificial Intelligence Whirlwind
https://aicd.companydirectors.com.au/advocacy/governance-leadership-centre/external-environment/preparing-directors-for-artificial-intelligence-whirlwind

 

Blogs, Video, and Other Media

 

Medium
AI and the Future of Ethics
A basic overview of AI and discussion about the ethics related to it.
https://medium.com/@matthewbiggins/ai-and-the-future-of-ethics-e4286567e742

Algorithmic Justice League
Study finds gender and skin-type bias in commercial AI systems
http://news.mit.edu/2018/study-finds-gender-skin-type-bias-artificial-intelligence-systems-0212

Site for a collective that aims to increase awareness and report bias.
 https://www.ajlunited.org/
Ted talk here: https://www.ted.com/talks/joy_buolamwini_how_i_m_fighting_bias_in_algorithms/transcript

CFA Institute
Artificial Intelligence: The Next Step in Corporate Governance
https://blogs.cfainstitute.org/investor/2018/01/26/artificial-intelligence-the-next-step-in-corporate-governance/

University of Toronto Centre for Ethics
The Ethics of Agonistic Machine Learning
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eT9OXO03M0E

Medium
Toward Ethical, Transparent And Fair AI/Ml: A Critical Reading List
https://medium.com/@eirinimalliaraki/toward-ethical-transparent-and-fair-ai-ml-a-critical-reading-list-d950e70a70ea

 

Books and Reports

 

Clifford Rossi
A Risk Professional’s Survival Guide: Applied Best Practices in Risk Management
https://books.google.com/books?id=yzgDBQAAQBAJ&pg=PA464&lpg=PA464&dq=A+Risk+Professional%E2%80%99s+Survival+Guide:+Applied+Best+Practices+in+Risk+Management+sifibank&source=bl&ots=5eSueV0UnN&sig=k8aJlvnJegTSDDBqBlOCH4-M9QE&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjLpYvu7r_bAhVouVkKHSjIB80Q6AEIQzAF#v=onepage&q=A%20Risk%20Professional%E2%80%99s%20Survival%20Guide%3A%20Applied%20Best%20Practices%20in%20Risk%20Management%20sifibank&f=false

IAEE
Classical Ethics in A/IS
https://standards.ieee.org/develop/indconn/ec/ead_classical_ethics_ais_v2.pdf

AI Now
Algorithmic Impact Assessments: A Practical Framework for Public Agency Accountability
A policy paper providing public agencies a practical framework to assess automated decision systems and to ensure accountability.
https://ainowinstitute.org/AI_Now_2017_Report.pdf  

AI Now Institute
Algorithmic Impact Assessments: A Practical Framework For Public Agency Accountability
https://ainowinstitute.org/aiareport2018.pdf

Future  Advocacy
 Ethical,  Social and Political Challenges of Artificial Intelligence in Health,  April 2018
A review of existing literature and interviews with global experts to understand how AI is being used (or could be used)  in healthcare and what challenges these uses present.
https://wellcome.ac.uk/sites/default/files/ai-in-health-ethical-social-political-challenges.pdf

 

Research Projects and Studies

 

IAEE
Ethics in Action
https://ethicsinaction.ieee.org/

Future of Humanity Institute
Governance of AI Program
https://www.fhi.ox.ac.uk/governance-ai-program/

MIT Media Lab
Ethics and Governance of Artificial Intelligence
https://www.media.mit.edu/groups/ethics-and-governance/overview/

Berkman Klein Center
Ethics and Governance of Artificial Intelligence
https://cyber.harvard.edu/research/ai

The GovLab, Artificial Intelligence and Public Policy
http://thegovlab.org/artificial-intelligence-and-public-policy/