AI & Machine LearningGlobal

Brussels Privacy Symposium 2021 – The Age of AI Regulation: Global Strategic Directions

FREE November 16, 2021 @ 8:00am - 11:00am ET | 14:00 - 17:00 CET


The 2021 Brussels Privacy Symposium is the fifth-annual academic program jointly presented by the Brussels Privacy Hub of Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) and the Future of Privacy Forum (FPF) and is a global convening of practical, applicable, substantive privacy research and scholarship.

On November 16, 2021, the Brussels Privacy Symposium, “The Age of AI Regulation: Global Strategic Directions”, will occur as a virtual international meeting where policymakers, academic researchers, and civil society will discuss how the EU and other jurisdictions around the world envision fostering the deployment of, but also addressing the risks to fundamental rights posed by, artificial intelligence (AI) systems through regulation. 

The development and use of AI systems of various degrees of complexity are seemingly becoming ubiquitous and are already having an impact on the daily lives of individuals – as consumers, employees, taxpayers, parents, students, and so forth. While some existing national and regional data protection and sectoral laws already place restrictions on some uses of AI-based solutions, legislators in several jurisdictions have started to put forward proposals that tackle specific challenges brought by AI technology. 

Earlier this year, the European Commission proposed a first-of-its-kind comprehensive legal framework for AI systems, which proposes a risk-based approach, scaling legal obligations to the severity of risks that specific AI systems may pose. The framework is generally centered around ensuring such systems function safely for the health and fundamental rights of individuals, and with appropriate human oversight. This approach – which also includes prohibiting certain particularly high-risk AI practices – may serve as an inspiration for policymakers in other jurisdictions. But we are already seeing different approaches to AI regulation in different parts of the world – such as the US, Brazil, and China, in accordance with local traditions, legal systems, and economic priorities. 
In this year’s Brussels Privacy Symposium (which will take place online), leading rule-makers, lawyers, academics, and civil society representatives will discuss the merits and potential flaws of the EU’s and other jurisdictions’ approaches to AI regulation, and see whether common global principles exist or need further development.






8:00 am –
8:10 am

14:00-14:10 CET – Introduction from Co-Hosts






  • Jules Polonetsky, CEO, Future of Privacy Forum
  • Prof. Christopher Kuner, VUB
  • Prof. Gianclaudio Malgieri, Co-director Brussels Privacy Hub; Associate Professor of Law at EDHEC Business School, Augmented Law Institute


8:10 am –
8:50 am

14:10 – 14:50 CET – The EU’s Road to an AI Act: Views From the Co-Legislators

The European Commission’s April 2021 proposal for an Artificial Intelligence Act puts forward a first-of-its-kind comprehensive legal framework for AI systems. Materializing one of the European Commission’s priorities under President Von der Leyen, it lays down a European approach to AI, which includes “ensuring that AI works for people and is a force for good in society”. The proposed AI Act spurred a broad debate among key stakeholders, from businesses at the forefront of AI innovation, civil society concerned for digital rights, to Data Protection regulators and elected officials. The European Parliament recently voted a resolution that substantially demands that the AI Act will be strengthened in its list of prohibited AI practices: Should some uses of AI be banned? Should there be more focus on facilitating innovation or more focus on protecting fundamental rights? In the keynote session, EU lawmakers will weigh in on whether the proposed draft of the Regulation is fit to promote trustworthy AI in Europe, the expected timelines, and areas of tension during upcoming negotiations. 



  • Gianclaudio Malgieri,  Co-director Brussels Privacy Hub; Associate Professor of Law at EDHEC Business School


  • Brando Benifei, Member of the European Parliament, President of the Spinelli Group
  • Lucilla Sioli, Director for Artificial Intelligence and Digital Industry, Directorate-General CONNECT at the European Commission


8:50 am –
9:00 am

14:50 – 15:00 CET – Coffee Break





9:00 am –
9:50 am

15:00 – 15:50 CET – Global Comparative Discussion on Approaches to AI Regulation, Governance and Oversight

States and international organizations are advancing both self-regulatory and legal frameworks to manage the future of AI systems’ use in the private and public sectors. Some of the approaches that are surfacing diverge substantially on the amount and breadth of obligations imposed on AI developers and users and on their governance and supervision structures. In this session, speakers will explore AI regulation models in various jurisdictions around the world. To what extent do existing laws around the world, such as comprehensive data protection laws, already apply to the design and use of these systems, including with an extraterritorial impact? And where is it possible to find regulatory convergence towards a globally relevant set of principles and rules governing AI?



  • Gabriela Zanfir-Fortuna, Vice President for Global Privacy FPF, Affiliated Researcher LSTS VUB


  • Simon ChestermanDean and Provost’s Chair Professor of the National University of Singapore Faculty of Law and Senior Director of AI Governance at AI Singapore
  • Luca Belli, Professor of Internet Governance and Regulation at Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV) Law School
  • Audrey Plonk, Head of Digital Economy Policy Division – Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation, OECD
  • Elham Tabassi, Chief of Staff, Information Technology Laboratory of the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)


9:50 am –
10:00 am

15:50 – 16:00 CET – Coffee Break





10:00 am –
11:00 am

16:00 – 17:00 CET – Should Certain Uses of AI Be Banned? 

The European Commission included a list of prohibited very high-risk AI practices in the proposed AI Act, together with a few exceptions. The European Parliament has also recently adopted a resolution that calls for bans of biometric identification in public spaces for law enforcement purposes, and for using AI for proposing judicial decisions, following similar calls for a ban adopted by the European Data Protection Supervisor and the European Data Protection Board. At the same time, some cities in the US are adopting bans or moratoria for specific uses of Facial Recognition. Are there any AI uses or applications that should be subject to a regulatory moratorium or outright ban? If so, what should make the cut, and on the basis of what criteria? Or is the idea of a ban an easy way out for regulators to deal with complex technology and balancing of diverging interests and rights, like public security and privacy?



  • Ivana Bartoletti, Co-Founder, Women Leading in AI Network


  • Frank Pasquale, Professor of Law, Brooklyn Law School
  • Theodore Christakis, Professor of International and European Law, University Grenoble Alpes (France)
  • Ursula Pachl, Deputy Director General, BEUC, European Consumer Organisation
  • Cornelia Kutterer, Senior Director, EU Government Affairs, AI, Privacy and Digital Policies, Microsoft 



Ivana Bartoletti

Co-Founder, Women Leading in AI Network

Ivana is the Global Chief Privacy Officer at Wipro, the leading international information technology, consulting and business process services company.

Ivana is an internationally recognized thought leader in the fields of privacy, data protection and responsible technology. She has many years of experience working for large organizations in privacy policy, strategy and programs related to digital transformation, cloud and automation. The Cyber Security Awards named her Woman of the Year (2019).

As a Visiting Policy Fellow at the University of Oxford, her research focuses on how to advance the global sharing of information in the context of privacy, security, data protection and human rights.

Ivana is co-editor of AI Book, a handbook for investors, entrepreneurs and fintech visionaries and is author of An Artificial Revolution, on Power, Politics and AI.

She is founder of the influential Women Leading in AI network. A sought-after subject expert, Ivana is interviewed frequently in the mainstream media and speaks at many international events. You can listen to an interview about her book.


Luca Belli

Director of CyberBRICS, Professor of Internet Governance and Regulation, Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV) Law School

Luca Belli, Ph.D., is Professor of Internet Governance and Regulation at Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV) Law School, where he heads the CyberBRICS project and associated researcher at Centre de Droit Public Comparé of Paris 2 University. Luca is also a Member of the Board of the Alliance for Affordable Internet (A4AI), Director of CPDP LatAm, and member of the CPDP Programme committee.

Before joining FGV, Luca worked as an agent for the Council of Europe Internet Governance Unit and served as a Network Neutrality Expert for the Council of Europe. Over the past decade, Luca has authored and edited more than 30 research outputs in English, French, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish, amongst which “De la gouvernance à la régulation de l’Internet” (Berger-Levrault, 2016); the “Net Neutrality Compendium” (Springer, 2016); “Platform Regulations: How Platforms are Regulated and How They Regulate Us” (FGV, 2017) and “Gobernanza y Regulaciones de Internet en América Latina” (FGV, 2018); the “Community Network Manual” (FGV-ITU-ISOC, 2018); and “CyberBRICS: Cybersecurity Regulations in the BRICS Countries” (Springer-Nature 2021).

Luca’s works have been i.a. quoted by the Organization of American States Report on Freedom of Expression and the Internet (2013); used by the CoE to elaborate the Recommendation of the Committee of Ministers on Network Neutrality (2016); featured in the French Telecoms Regulator (ARCEP) Report on the State of the Internet (2018); used by the Brazilian Telecom Regulator (ANATEL) to define community networks (2020); and published or quoted by various media outlets, and published or quoted by various media outlets, including The Economist, Financial Times, Forbes, Le Monde, BBC, The Hill, China Today, O Globo, El Pais, and La Stampa.

Luca can be found on LinkedIn and on Twitter


Brando Benifei

Member of the European Parliament, President of the Spinelli Group, Vice President of the European Movement International

Brando Benifei, European Federalist, is from La Spezia, Italy, and is the Head of Delegation of the Italian S&D MEPs. His main areas of work are Internal Market and Consumers Protection, Employment and Social Affairs, and Constitutional Affairs.
He is rapporteur for the Single Market Program and shadow rapporteur for the European Social Fund Plus. He is active on youth policies, digitalization and rights of persons with disabilities.
In the previous term, he was responsible for the European Solidarity Corps, for the Post-Arab Spring in the MENA region and for key reports on the social inclusion and integration of refugees into the EU labour market, as well as youth employment policy such as the Youth Guarantee and the Youth Employment Initiative. He was also co-chair of the Youth Intergroup and vice-chair of the Disability Intergroup.
In 2018, he received the MEP Award for his work on Employment and Social Affairs issues, for his work on youth unemployment. In 2016, Forbes included him in its annual 30 under-30 most influential in EU Politics list.


Simon Chesterman

Dean and Provost’s Chair Professor, National University of Singapore Faculty of Law

Simon Chesterman is Dean and Provost’s Chair Professor of the National University of Singapore Faculty of Law and Senior Director of AI Governance at AI Singapore. He is also Editor of the Asian Journal of International Law and Co-President of the Law Schools Global League.

Educated in Melbourne, Beijing, Amsterdam, and Oxford, Professor Chesterman’s teaching experience includes periods at the Universities of Melbourne, Oxford, Southampton, Columbia, and Sciences Po. From 2006-2011, he was Global Professor and Director of the New York University School of Law Singapore Programme. Prior to joining NYU, he was a Senior Associate at the International Peace Academy and Director of UN Relations at the International Crisis Group in New York. He has previously worked for the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in Yugoslavia and interned at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.

Professor Chesterman is the author or editor of twenty-one books, including We, the Robots? Regulating Artificial Intelligence and the Limits of the Law (CUP, 2021); Law and Practice of the United Nations (with Ian Johnstone and David M. Malone, OUP, 2016); One Nation Under Surveillance (OUP, 2011); You, the People (OUP, 2004); and Just War or Just Peace? (OUP, 2001). He is a recognized authority on international law, whose work has opened up new areas of research on conceptions of public authority – including the rules and institutions of global governance, state-building and post-conflict reconstruction, the changing role of intelligence agencies, and the emerging role of artificial intelligence and big data. He also writes on legal education and higher education more generally, and is the author of four young adult fiction novels including the Raising Arcadia trilogy.


Theodore Christakis

Professor of International and European Law, University Grenoble Alpes (France)

Theodore Christakis (@TC_IntLaw) is Professor of International and European Law at University Grenoble Alpes (France), Director of Research for Europe with the Cross-Border Data Forum, and a former Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the New York University Cybersecurity Centre. He is also Chair on the Legal and Regulatory Implications of Artificial Intelligence with the Multidisciplinary Institute on AI (, Director of the Centre for International Security and European Studies, and Co-Director of the Grenoble Alpes Data Institute. He is a honorary member of the Institut Universitaire de France.

At the national level, he has exercised responsibilities on digital issues as an active member of the French National Committee for Digital Ethics (created in December 2019 at the request of the French Prime Minister) and as a past member of the French National Digital Council, an independent advisory commission of the French government (2018-2020).

He has published or co-edited 11 books, he is author or co-author of more than 90 academic articles and book chapters, and he has been invited to give lectures and present his work at conferences, workshops, and seminars on over a hundred occasions in more than 31 different countries.

As an international expert he has advised governments, international organisations, and private companies on issues concerning international and European law, cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, and data protection law. He also has experience working as external Data Protection Officer (GDPR compliance) for tech companies.


Christopher Kuner

Professor of Law and Co-Chair of the Brussels Privacy Hub, Vrije Universiteit  Brussel (VUB)

Christopher Kuner is professor of law and co-chair of the Brussels Privacy Hub, a research centre at the Vrije Universiteit  Brussel (VUB) in Brussels. He holds a doctorate in law from Tilburg University (the Netherlands), an LL.M. from New York University (NYU), a US law degree (J.D.) from Notre Dame Law School, and a B.A. from Lawrence University in the USA. 

He is also visiting professor at Maastricht University, an associate in the Centre for European Legal Studies of the University of Cambridge, and Senior Privacy Counsel in the Brussels office of the international law firm Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati. In the past he has been an affiliated lecturer in the Faculty of Law of the University of Cambridge, associate professor in the Law Faculty of the University of Copenhagen, and a visiting professor at the London School of Economics and Political Science and at Chuo University in Tokyo, Japan. In July 2016 he taught a course at the summer school on the law of the European Union of the Academy of European Law at the European University Institute in Florence. In July 2015 he taught a special course in the private international law section of the summer session of the Hague Academy of International Law, which has been published in 2017 in volume 382 of the Recueil des Cours of the Hague Academy. In 2019 he is a visiting fellow in the Department of Law of the European University Institute in Florence, Italy.

Dr. Kuner is founder and editor-in-chief of the law journal International Data Privacy Law published by Oxford University Press. He is also a member of the European Commission Multisectoral Stakeholder Group to Support the Application of the EU General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679, and the OECD Advisory Group of Experts Supporting the Review of the 2013 OECD Privacy Guidelines. The authors of numerous books and scholarly articles, his writings have been cited by the Court of Justice of the European Union, the German Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgerichtshof), and a leading US federal district court. He has participated in the work of international organizations such as the Council of Europe, the OECD, and UNCITRAL, and in various expert groups of the European Commission. He was chair for ten years of the Task Force on Privacy and the Protection of Personal Data of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) in Paris. On 26 June, 2015 he was awarded the “Best Consumer Supporter” award and medal by the Consumer Affairs Agency of the government of Japan for promoting EU data protection law in Japan. 

Further information is available on his personal website  


Cornelia Kutterer

Senior Director, EU Government Affairs, AI, Privacy and Digital Policies, Microsoft

Cornelia is responsible for AI, privacy and regulatory policies in the EU with a focus on digital transformation and ethical implications. She leads a team working on corporate and regulatory affairs, including competition, telecom and content policies. She has long standing experience in Information Society & Internet policies at European level and speaks regularly at regional and international conferences. Previously, Cornelia was Senior Legal Advisor at BEUC, the European Consumer Organisation, heading up the legal department and driving the policy agenda for consumers’ digital life with a focus on intellectual property, data protection and e-commerce. She has also gained experience in a top 10 law firm in the fields of competition law and regulatory affairs and in a German organisation focusing on the freedom of services and labour law. She started her professional career in the European Parliament as a political advisor to an MEP in 1997. Cornelia is a qualified German lawyer, and holds a master’s degree in information technology and telecommunication laws. She studied law at the Universities of Passau, Porto (Portugal), Hamburg and Strathclyde (UK).


Gianclaudio Malgieri

Associate Professor of Law and Technology, EDHEC Business School in Lille (France), Augmented Law Institute

Gianclaudio Malgieri is an Associate Professor of Law and Technology at the EDHEC Business School in Lille (France), where he conducts research at the Augmented Law Institute and teaches Data Protection Law, Intellectual Property Law, ICT Law and Business Law. He is also Editorial Board Member of Computer Law and Security Review and Attorney at Law.

He obtained a PhD in Law at the Law, Science, Technology and Society (LSTS) Research Centre of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, where he is Affiliated Researcher and where he was Work Package Leader of the EU H2020 PANELFIT Project, for the development of Legal & Ethical Guidelines on Data Processing in Research. His PhD thesis (defended in August 2020) focused on the notion of data subjects in the GDPR, in particular on the vulnerable data subjects. He also conducts research on automated decision-making, privacy and fundamental rights, surveillance, data ownership, intellectual privacy, consumer law. In the 2019 he is the only European scholar to receive the Future of Privacy Award. He is also external expert of the European Commission for the ethics and data protection assessment of EU research proposals.

Previously, he was lecturer of Data Protection Law and Intellectual Property for undergraduate and professional courses at the University of Pisa and S.Anna School of Advanced Studies. He was also Training Coordinator for the Brussels Privacy Hub from 2018 to 2020.

He got an LLM with honours at the University of Pisa (2016) and a JD with honours at S.Anna School of Advanced Studies of Pisa (2017). He was visiting student at the London School of Economics (2013), World Trade Institute of the University of Bern (2014), École Normale Superieure de Paris (2015) and Oxford University (2018).

He has authored more than 45 publications including articles in leading international law reviews, the Italian Handbook of Personal Data Protection and the editing of a Special Issue on Computer Law and Security Review. He published in English and Italian, and some works were translated in French and Chinese.

He is peer reviewer of Computer Law and Security Review; International Data Privacy Law; Federal Law Review, Big Data and Society; Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology; Opinio Juris in Comparatione.


Ursula Pachl

Deputy Director General, BEUC, European Consumer Organisation

Ursula Pachl has worked at BEUC, the European Consumer Organisation, since October 1997, first as Legal Advisor, then as Senior Policy Advisor and presently as Deputy Director General.

Ms. Pachl leads BEUC’s work on the Digital Single Market, on consumer rights, redress and enforcement. She is also responsible for horizontal and strategic policy issues and represents BEUC in the European Commission’s REFIT platform, in the stakeholder group of EU’s Agency for Network and Information Security (ENISA) and in the European Commission’s High Level Group for Artificial Intelligence. She also coordinates BEUC’s law enforcement activities. BEUC represents 43 independent national consumer associations from 32 European countries. The primary task of BEUC is to act as a strong consumer voice in Brussels and to try to ensure that consumer interests are given their proper weight in the development of all Community policies.


Frank Pasquale

Professor of Law, Brooklyn Law School

Frank Pasquale is an expert on the law of artificial intelligence (AI), algorithms, and machine learning. Before coming to Brooklyn Law, he was Piper & Marbury Professor of Law at the University of Maryland, and Schering-Plough Professor of Health Care Regulation & Enforcement at Seton Hall University. He clerked for Judge Kermit V. Lipez of the First Circuit Court of Appeals, and was an associate at Arnold & Porter in Washington, D.C.

Pasquale’s 2015 book, The Black Box Society: The Secret Algorithms That Control Money and Information (Harvard University Press), has been recognized as a landmark study in information law. It is cited in fields ranging from law and computer science to sociology and literature. The book develops a social theory of reputation, search, and finance, while promoting pragmatic reforms to improve the information economy. The journal Big Data & Society hosted an interdisciplinary symposium on The Black Box Society in 2020, to mark the fifth anniversary of the book’s publication.

Pasquale’s latest book, New Laws of Robotics: Defending Human Expertise in the Age of AI (Harvard University Press, 2020) analyzes the law and policy influencing the adoption of AI in varied professional fields. The book was a finalist for the American Association of Publishers PROSE awards (in the legal studies and criminology category). It attracted favorable notices from Wired and the Financial Times. Pasquale has also co-edited The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of AI (Oxford University Press, 2020), has edited or co-edited three other books, and co-authored a casebook on administrative law.

Pasquale is an internationally recognized and prolific scholar whose work has addressed the regulation of technology in several contexts. His widely cited research has been featured in top law reviews, and he has advised business and government leaders in the healthcare, Internet, and finance sectors, including the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the U.S. House Judiciary and Energy & Commerce Committees, the Senate Banking Committee, the Federal Trade Commission, and directorates-general of the European Commission. He also has advised officials in Canada and the United Kingdom on law and technology policy. He served on the Council for Big Data, Ethics, and Society from 2014-16, and the National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics from 2019-2021, where he chaired the Subcommittee on Privacy, Confidentiality, and Security.


Audrey Plonk

Head of Digital Economy Policy Division - Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

Head of the Digital Economy Policy (DEP) Division of the Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) at the OECD. As Head of Division, Ms. Plonk is responsible for implementing the program of work of two committees: the Committee on Digital Economy Policy (CDEP) and the Committee for Consumer Policy (CCP) as well as the management of STI’s Digital Economy Division. In particular, she contributes to the development of evidence-based policies through multi-stakeholder processes to i) stimulate the growth of an accessible, innovative, open, inclusive, and trustworthy digital economy for sustained prosperity and well-being, and ii) provide policymakers with the tools needed to develop a forward-looking, whole-of-government policy response that leverages the potential of digitalization for growth and well-being. In this role, she supports the strategic work of STI the advancement of the Office of the Secretary General’s Strategic Objectives. She will also lead and contribute to related horizontal work across the Organisation. Prior to re-joining STI, Ms. Plonk was Senior Director, Global Security Policy at Intel Corporation where she was also a Senior Director for Public Policy based in Santa Clara, California. Over the course of her more than 10 years at Intel, Audrey led a global team of policy experts focused on connectivity, data, artificial intelligence, and autonomous driving policy issues. She also specialized in China cyber policy and advised Intel business and product teams on China strategy. She chaired numerous industry committees including the Cybersecurity Committee at the Information Technology and Industry Council (ITI) and the Cybersecurity subcommittee of the Trans-Atlantic Business Council (TABC) and has provided testimony multiple times before the US Congress. In 2009, Ms. Plonk joined the board of The Privacy Projects and later took over the Chairmanship of the not-for-profit organization focused on funding research in overlooked areas of privacy practice, policy, and law. She has been a guest lecturer at The University of California Berkeley’s School of Information and has taught cyber policy courses at the US Technology Training Institute. Ms. Plonk is currently a member of the National Academies of Sciences Forum on Cyber Resilience. In 2007, Ms. Plonk worked on digital security issues in STI including malicious software and the protection of critical information infrastructure. This was preceded by four years as a consultant at the Department of Homeland Security’s National Cyber Security Division where she led work on international cooperation in cyberspace and cybersecurity. Ms. Plonk, an American national, holds a Bachelor’s Degree in International Affairs from George Washington University (Washington, DC, United States).


Jules Polonetsky

CEO, Future of Privacy Forum

Jules serves as CEO of the Future of Privacy Forum, a Washington, D.C.-based non-profit organization that serves as a catalyst for privacy leadership and scholarship, advancing principled data practices in support of emerging technologies. FPF is supported by the chief privacy officers of more than 185 leading companies, several foundations, as well as by an advisory board composed of the country’s leading academics and advocates. FPF’s current projects focus on AI and Ethics, Connected Cars, Health, Research Data, Smart Communities, Ad Tech, Youth, Ed Tech, Privacy Legislation and Enforcement, and Global Data Flows.

Jules also serves as Chairman of the International Digital Accountability Council and as Co-Chairman of the Israel Tech Policy Institute.  Jules is co-editor of The Cambridge Handbook of Consumer Privacy, published by Cambridge University Press (2018). More of his writing and research can be found at the and on Google Scholar and SSRN.

Jules’s previous roles have included serving as Chief Privacy Officer at AOL and before that at DoubleClick, as Consumer Affairs Commissioner for New York City, as an elected New York State Legislator and as a congressional staffer, and as an attorney.

Jules has served on the boards of a number of privacy and consumer protection organizations including TRUSTe, the International Association of Privacy Professionals, and the Network Advertising Initiative. From 2011-2012, Jules served on the Department of Homeland Security Data Privacy and Integrity Advisory Committee. Jules is a member of The George Washington University Law School Privacy and Security Advisory Council. He also currently sits on the Advisory Boards of Open DP | Harvard University Privacy Tools Project and the California Privacy Lab (University of California).

Jules is a regular speaker at privacy and technology events and has testified or presented before Congressional committees and the Federal Trade Commission.

As AOL’s former Chief Privacy Officer and SVP for Consumer Advocacy, Jules was responsible for ensuring that AOL’s users could trust the company with their information and for educating employees about best practices for advertising, content, and product development.


Lucilla Sioli

Director for Digital Industry, European Commission


Lucilla Sioli is the Director for “Artificial Intelligence and Digital Industry” within Directorate-General CONNECT at the European Commission. She is responsible for the coordination of the European digitization of industry strategy and for policy development in the area of artificial intelligence (AI). The directorate also supports R&D&I in key digital industrial technologies including microelectronics, photonics, robotics and AI. Lucilla holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Southampton (UK) and one from the Catholic University of Milan (Italy) and has been a civil servant with the European Commission since 1997.



Elham Tabassi

Chief of Staff, Information Technology Laboratory of the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Elham Tabassi is the Chief of Staff in the Information Technology Laboratory (ITL) of the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).  ITL, one of six research Laboratories within NIST, supports NIST’s mission, to promote U.S. innovation and industrial competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life. ITL conducts fundamental and applied research in computer science and engineering, mathematics, and statistics that cultivates trust in information technology and metrology by developing and disseminating standards, measurements, and testing for interoperability, security, usability, and reliability of information systems.

As a scientist she has been working on various computer vision research projects with applications in biometrics evaluation and standards since 1999.  She is the principal architect of NIST Fingerprint Image Quality (NFIQ) which is now an international standard for measuring fingerprint image quality and has been deployed in many large scale biometric applications worldwide.  She received the Department of Commerce Gold Medal in 2003, the Department of Commerce Bronze Medal in 2007, and 2010, ANSI’s 2012 Next Generation Award, and the Women in Biometrics Award in 2016 for her contributions to biometrics. She is a member of OSAC Friction Ridge subcommittee and co-chairs FIDO Biometrics Certification working group.


Gabriela Zanfir-Fortuna

Vice President for Global Privacy, Future of Privacy Forum

Dr. Gabriela Zanfir-Fortuna is the Vice President for Global Privacy at the Future of Privacy Forum, where she leads the work on Global privacy developments and counsels on EU data protection law and policy, working with all FPF’s offices and partners around the world. She created and curates FPF’s Global Privacy blog series.

Gabriela currently serves as a member of the Reference Panel of the Global Privacy Assembly, and she is also a member of the Executive Committee of the ACM FAccT (Fairness, Accountability and Transparency) Conference, since 2021. She is a member of the European Digital Media Observatory (EDMO) Working Group on Access to Platform Data, working on the creation of a Code of Conduct on access to platform data under Art. 40 of the GDPR.

As a data protection and privacy law expert, Gabriela recently testified for the FTC on data portability and for the European Parliament’s LIBE Committee on the EU’s proposed Data Governance Act.

Prior to moving to the US in 2016, she worked for the European Data Protection Supervisor in Brussels, being part of the team that advised the EU legislator on the GDPR during its legislative process. She dealt with both enforcement and policy matters, was a member of the EDPS litigation team appearing before the Court of Justice of the EU, as well as actively participated in the work of the Article 29 Working Party. She worked on the assessments of both the draft EU-US Privacy Shield and the draft EU-US Umbrella Agreement during her time at the EDPS and the Article 29 Working Party.

She previously served as a Program Chair (Law) for the ACM FAccT 2020 and as a member of the Program Advisory Committee for the ICDPPC 2019 Conference in Tirana. She was also a member of the Program Committee of PLSC Europe, CPDP – academic track, ACM – AIES 2020, and the ENISA Annual Privacy Forum. She served as a Project Scientist supporting the IoT Privacy Infrastructure Project within the Institute for Software Research of Carnegie Mellon University (2019 – 2020).

Gabriela holds a PhD in law (2013, University of Craiova) with a thesis on the rights of the data subject from the perspective of their adjudication in civil law and an LLM in Human Rights (2010), after obtaining her law degree at the same university (2009). She is also an associated researcher with the Law, Science, Technology and Society Center at Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

Gabriela is a contributor-author to ‘The EU General Data Protection Regulation – A Commentary‘, edited by C. Kuner, C. Docksey and L.A. Bygrave, Oxford University Press, 2020 (on Articles 13, 14, 15, 21 and 82). She is also the author of the volume ‘Protecția Datelor Personale. Drepturile Persoanei Vizate‘, C.H. Beck, Bucharest, 2015.


Sponsored by